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常见建筑模板的施工技术

ZAIGAOCENGJIANZHUXIANJIAOGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUSHIGONGZHONG,MOBANSHIYIZHONGLIANGDAMIANGUANGDEZHONGYAOSHIGONGGONGJU,WULUNZAIZHANYONGSHIJIAN、FEIYONGYIJIGONGCHENGZHILIANGFANGMIANDOUZHANYOUHENDABIZHONG。YINCI,CUJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUGONGCHENGMOBANJISHUDEJINBU,ZENGJIAMOBANDEZHOUZHUANSHIYONGCISHU,JIANSHAOMOBANDEZHICHAIYONGGONGLIANG,SHIJIANSHAOMOBANGONGCHENGFEIYONG、TIGAOGONGCHENGZHILIANG、JIANGDIHUNNINGTUJIEGOUGONGCHENGFEIYONGDEZHONGYAOTUJING。

1、高层建筑模板

 

1.1TIXIZUCHENG

 

1.1.1DAMOBANTIXI

 

DAMOBANZHENGTIGANGDUHAO,HUNNINGTUCHENGXINGZHILIANGGAO;QUEDIANSHIZIZHONGDA,HAOGANGLIANGDUO,PINGJUNDA110kg/m2。GENJUSHICE,BIAOZHUNCENGMIANJI500m2ZUOYOUDEGAOCENGJIANLIQIANGTIXI,QIZHONGJIDIAOYUNGANGMODEDIAOCIZHANBIAOZHUNCENGZONGDIAOCIDE1/3。YINCI,ZHUANGCHAIGONGZUOLIANGDA,ERDAMOBANMIANJIDA,SHOUFENGLIDA,YICIXINGTOUZIDA,ERQIEXUYAODAMIANJIDEDUICHANG,TONGYONGXINGCHA。RULIANXUSHIGONGXIANGTONGDEJIDONGGAOCENGJIANZHU,KEJIAKUAIDAMOBANDETANXIAO。

 

1.1.2HUAMOTIXI

 

HUAMOSHIGONGJUYOUJIXIEHUACHENGDUGAO、SHIGONGWENMING、BAOZHENGGONGCHENGZHILIANG、JIEYUECAILIAOHEYONGGONG、JIANGDIGONGCHENGZAOJIADENGTEDIAN,SHIYIZHONGZHIDETUIGUANGDEXIANJINDESHIGONGJISHU。HUAMOGONGYIDEZHUYAOQUEDIANSHIZHICHENGGANLANGFEIGANGCAI,PINGJUN5kg/m2,ERQIEZHICHENGGANYIWANQUSHIWEN,YOUSHIHAIHUICHUXIANHUNNINGTULALIE、JIANZHUWUQINGXIEHENIUZHUANDENGXIANXIANG。

 

1.1.3PAMOTIXI

 

PAMOSHIYIJIANZHUWUDEGANGJINHUNNINGTUQIANGTIWEICHENGLIZHUTI,TONGGUOFUZHEWANCHENGDEGANGJINHUNNINGTUQIANGTISHANGDEPASHENGZHIJIAHUODAMOBANHELIANJIEPASHENGZHIJIAYUDAMOBANDEPASHENGSHEBEI,YIWUGUDING,YIWUZUOXIANGDUIYUNDONG,JIAOTIPASHENG,YIWANCHENGMOBANDEPASHENG、XIAJIANG、JIUWEI、XIAOZHENGDENGGONGXU。PASHENGMOBANZONGHELEDAMOBANHEHUASHENGMOBANDEYUANLI,YOUXIAODIXISHOULEDAMOBANSHIGONGDEYOUDIAN,CHENGWEIDANGDAIGAOCENGJIANZHUXIANJIAOHUNNINGTUJIEGOUSHIGONGXINYIDAIDEMOBANTIXI。

 

1.2MOBANTIXIXUANZEDEYIJU

 

1.2.1GONGCHENGJIEGOUTEDIAN

 

MOBANDEXUANZEYINGSHOUXIANMANZUJIEGOUSHIYONGGONGNENGDEYAOQIU,JIYAOBAOZHENGJIEGOUDESHIGONGZHILIANG,YOUYAOJIEYUEZIJIN,HAIYAOJIAKUAISHIGONGSUDU。TONGCHANGYAOGENJUBUTONGDEGONGCHENGTEDIANYIJIBUTONGDEJIEGOUTIXIHELIDIXUANZEMOBANTIXI。

 

1.2.2SHIGONGQIYEXIANYOUDEJIXIESHEBEIQINGKUANG

 

MOBANTIXIDEXUANZESHOUSHIGONGQIYEJIXIESHEBEIDEZHIYUE,MOBANDELEIXING、CHICUN、ZHONGLIANG、ZHUANGCHAIDOUHEQIZHONGJIXIEYOUGUAN。

 

1.2.3SHIGONGZUZHIGUANLI

 

MOBANTIXIDEXUANZESHIGAOCENGJIANZHUSHIGONGZUZHISHEJIDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,XUANZEDEQIADANGYUFOU,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGGONGCHENGDESHIGONGXIAOGUO,GUXUYINQIZUGOUDEZHONGSHI。

 

1.2.4DIQUQINGKUANGHESHIGONGQIYEDEJISHUSHUIPING。

 

MOBANFANGANDEXUANZEHEDIQUQINGKUANGYOUGUAN,SUIZHEJIANZHUYEDEFAZHAN,YOUXIEDIQUCHUXIANLEZHUANMENDEMOBANSHEJIBUMEN、ZULINDANWEIYIJIGONGJUSHIMOBANSHENGCHANCHANGJIA,SHIMOBANDESHENGCHAN、SHEJIRIYIZHUANMENHUAHESHEHUIHUA。TONGSHI,MOBANFANGANDEXUANZEHESHIGONGQIYEDEJISHUSHUIPINGYOUMIQIEDEGUANXI,YINGJINLIANGFAHUIQIYEDEYOUSHI,XUANSHIGONGQIYEJISHUSHUIPINGJIAOGAODEMOBANTIXI。

 

2、模板工程坍塌原因

 

FENXILEJINNIANLAIJIANZHUZHONGMOBANGONGCHENGTANTADESHIGU,ZHUYAOYUANYINKEYIGUINARUXIA:

 

2.1SHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLIBULUOSHI、BUDAOWEIZAIMOBANGONGCHENGSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,YIXIE

 

SHIGONGDANWEIBUBIANZHIANQUANZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANHUOBUANSHIGONGFANGANDASHEMOBANZHICHENGTIXI,PINGZIJIDEJINGYANMANGMUANZHUANG、CHAICHU;YOUXIESHIGONGDANWEISUIRANBIANZHILESHIGONGFANGAN,DANBUSONGJIAOJIXIANGMUJISHUFUZERENHEGONGCHENGJIANLIDANWEISHENPI,SHANZISHIGONG;JIANLIDANWEIXIANCHANGJIANGUANBULI,DUIFANGANBIANZHIBUSHENHE,DUIMOBANZHICHENGTIXIBUYANSHOUJIANCHA。

 

2.2MOBANZHICHENGXITONGWUSHEJIJISUANHUOJISUANCUOWU

 

ZAIYIXIEGONGCHENGXIANGMUMOBANSHIGONGZHONG,SHIGONGDANWEIGENJUYIQIANSHIGONGXIANGMUDEMOBANZHICHENGJINXINGSHIGONG,ERMEIYOUGENJUBENGONGCHENGXIANGMUTEDIANJIJUTIQINGKUANGJINXINGMOBANZHICHENGXITONGSHEJIJISUAN,HUOSHIGONGFANGANHEZAIJISUANYOUWU,HEZAIZUHEWEIANZUIBULIYUANZEKAOLV,SHIQIGANGDU、CHENGZAILIBUGOU,CONGERDAOZHIMOBANTANTA。

 

2.3MOBANZHICHENGDASHEBUGUIFAN

 

(1)ZAIMOBANLIZHUZHICHENGANZHUANGZHONG,JIANGWAIJING<48YU<51DEGANGGUANLIZHUHUNHESHIYONG,SHILIZHULIANJIEDIANBULAOGU、LIZHUDIBUWEISHEDIANBANHUODIANBANZHANGDUHEHOUDUBUGOU;DICENGLIZHUDIANBANTUZHISONGSANBUMISHI;LIZHUJIANJUGUODA,DAOZHILIZHUSHIWEN。

 

(2)BUFENXIANCHANGSHIGONGRENYUANBUANZHICHENGTIXIDEGOUZAOYAOQIUJINXINGDASHE,WEISHEZONGHENGXIANGJIANDAOCHENGHESHUIPINGJIANDAOCHENGYIJISAODIGAN、LIANJIEGANJIANJIANJUGUODA,DAOZHIZHICHENGXITONGZHENGTISHIWEN。

 

2.4MOBANSHANGSHIGONGZAIHECHAOGUOLEMOBANZHICHENGCHENGZAILIWULIAODUIJIZAIHUNNINGTUJIAOZHUHOUDELOUMIAN、WUMIANSHANG,WEIJINGGUOJIEGOUZAIHEYANSUAN,MANGMUJIAZAICHAOLIANG,DAOZHIZHICHENGSHIWEN,MOBANTANTA。

 

2.5MOBANJIZHIJIACHAICHUGUOZAOHUOCHAIMOSHUNXUBUDANGZAIXIANJIAOGOUJIANCHAIMOGUOCHENGZHONG,YIXIESHIGONGDANWEIDUIXIANJIAOLIANG、BAN、XUANTIAOGOUJIANDEMOBANJINXINGCHAICHUSHI,QIHUNNINGTUQIANGDUWEIDADAOGUIFANGUIDINGBIAOZHUNSHI,JIUGUOZAOCHAIMOHUOWEIANYIDINGSHUNXUCHAICHU,YINHUNNINGTUQIANGDUBUZU,DAOZHIHUNNINGTUKAILIE、DUANLIE、TANTA。

 

3、技术安全措施

 

1)JIAOSHOUJIADASHEQIAN,YINGANJGJ13022001JIANZHUSHIGONGKOUJIANSHIGANGGUANJIAOSHOUJIAANQUANJISHUGUIFANHESHIGONGFANGANDEYAOQIUXIANGDASHEHESHIYONGRENYUANZUOHAOANQUAN、JISHUJIAODI。

 

2)DUIGANGGUANJIA、PEIJIANYINGJINXINGJIANCHAYANSHOU,YANJINSHIYONGBUHEGEDEGANGGUANJIA、PEIJIAN。

 

3)DASHEDEJIAOSHOUJIAZAIMUGONGANZHUANGMOBANQIAN,BIXUZAICAOZUOCENGMANPUFANGHUZHUJIAOSHOUBAN,SHEZHIANQUANDOUWANG,ZHOUBIANSHEZHILANGANHELIWANG。

 

4)BUTONGGUIGEDEGANGGUANYANJINHUNHESHIYONGDAOZHICHENGXITONGZHONG。

 

5)SHUIPINGJIAGUGAN、JIANDAOCHENGANZHUANGYINGFUHEGOUZAOYAOQIU,BINGYUJIAOSHOUJIADEDASHETONGBUJINXING。

 

6)KEDIAODIZUO、DINGTUOCHUYINGCAIQUCUOSHIFANGZHIBEISHAJIANG、SHUINIJIANGDENGWUWUTIANSAILUOWEN。

 

7)MOBANZHICHENGJIADASHEWANBIHOUYINGJINXINGJIANCHAYANSHOU,HEGEHOUFANGZHUNSHIYONG。

 

8)YINGBIMIANZHUANGXIEWULIAODUIMOBANZHICHENGJIACHANSHENGPIANXIN、ZHENDONGHECHONGJI。

 

9)ZHICHENGJIABIXUJINGJISHUFUZERENJIANCHAYANZHENGBINGQUERENBUZAIXUYAOSHI,FANGKECHAICHU,CHAICHUSHIYINGZUNXUNXIANDAHOUCHAI、HOUDAXIANCHAIDESHIGONGSHUNXU。

 

10)CHAICHUMOBANZHICHENGJIASHIYINGCAIYONGKEKAOANQUANCUOSHI,YANJINGAOKONGXIANGXIAPAOZHI。

 

4、模板监测措施

 

1)XIANGMUBU、BANZURICHANGJINXINGANQUANJIANCHA,SUOYOUANQUANJIANCHAJILUBIXUXINGCHENGSHUMIANCAILIAO。

 

2)RICHANGJIANCHA、XUNCHAZHONGDIANBUWEIRUXIA:

 

a.GANJIANDESHEZHIHELIANJIE、SAODIGAN、ZHICHENG、JIANDAOCHENGDENGGOUJIANSHIFOUFUHEYAOQIU。

 

b.DIJISHIFOUYOUJISHUI,DIZUOSHIFOUSONGDONG,LIGANSHIFOUFUHEYAOQIU。

 

c.LIANJIEKOUJIANSHIFOUSONGDONG。

 

d.JIATISHIFOUCHENJIANG、CHUIZHIDU。

 

e.SHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIFOUYOUCHAOZAIDEXIANXIANG。

 

f.ANQUANFANGHUCUOSHISHIFOUFUHEGUIFANYAOQIU。

 

g.JIAOSHOUJIATIHEJIAOSHOUJIAGANJIANSHIFOUYOUBIANXINGDEXIANXIANG。

 

3)JIAOSHOUJIAZAICHENGSHOULIUJIDAFENGHUODABAOYUHOUBIXUJINXINGQUANMIANJIANCHA。

 

ZAIJIAODAOGAOZHIMOLIANGBANHUNNINGTUQIAN,YOUXIANGMUBUDUIJIAOSHOUJIAQUANMIANJIANCHAHEGEHOUCAIKAISHIJIAOHUNNINGTU,JIAOHUNNINGTUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUZHIANYUAN、SHIGONGYUANDUIJIATIJIANCHA,SUISHIGUANCEJIATISHIFOUBIANXING。FAXIANYINHUAN,JISHITINGZHISHIGONG,CAIQUCUOSHIBAOZHENGANQUANHOUZAISHIGONG。

 

4)JIANCEXIANGMUBAOKUO:ZHIJIACHENJIANG、WEIYIHEBIANXING。

 

5)JIANCEPINLV:ZAIJIAOZHUHUNNINGTUGUOCHENGZHONGYINGSHISHISHISHIGUANCE,YIBANJIANCEPINLVBUCHAOGUO20min/CI~30min/CI,JIAOZHUWANHOUBUSHAOYU2h/CI。

 

5、JIEYU

 

SUIZHEWOGUOCHENGSHIHUAJINCHENGDEKUAISUTUIJIN,XUDUOGAOCENGJIANZHUXUYAOMOBANJISHUBIXUSHIANQUAN、GAOXIAODE。WEILEFANGZHIMOBANGONGCHENGTANTASHIGUFASHENG,WOMENBIXUGUANCHE“ANQUANDIYI,YUFANGWEIZHU”DEFANGZHEN,JIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN,YANGEANZHAOSHIGONGCHENGXU,RENZHENZHIXINGSHIGONGCAOZUOGUICHENGHEJISHUYAOQIU,BUWEIFANQIANGZHIXINGBIAOZHUN,CAIQUQIESHIYOUXIAODEJISHUANQUANCUOSHIHEJIANCECUOSHI,MOBANTANTASHIGUSHIKEYIBIMIANDE。YUCITONGSHI,ZHEIYANGKEYIYOULIDICUJINGAOCENGJIANZHUHUNNINGTUJIEGOUGONGCHENGMOBANJISHUDEJINBU。

 

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